The hollow Earth theory: Our inside out Universe

It all started in 1970 when the United States Environmental Science Service Administration (ESSA) published in the press some photographs taken by the ESSA-7 satellite corresponding to the North Pole. One of the photographs appeared with a clear sky and revealing a huge hole where the Pole should have been. These photographs caused great controversy among people, who wondered what a perfectly round hole painted over the Arctic.

Hollow earth
ESSA-7 satellite images shows giant hole on the North pole

It was then that Flying Saucer’s magazine editor and ufologist Ray Palmer found in the photograph published by NASA a substantial motive for furthering the theories of advanced underground civilizations.

On the other hand, there is the story of Admiral Richard E. Byrd discussed in the previous article. This polar explorer recorded in his diary the experience he had lived when flying over one of the Poles in 1928. There, the pilot recounted, he witnessed the existence of wonderful valleys and the presence of prehistoric animals.

Richard Evelyn Byrd
Richard Evelyn Byrd © Wikimedia Commons

These experiences shocked the general public, who began to question whether the hollow Earth theory would be true. As a result of Byrd’s experience, Amadeo Giannini wrote several articles and books such as Worlds Beyond the Poles, in which he theorized that Byrd had not flown over the Arctic, but had entered one of the holes that lead to the centre of Earth by mistake.

It was then that Ray Palmer, based mainly on the aforementioned book by Giannini, published this theory in the December 1959 issue of his magazine, sending a voluminous correspondence on it. According to Giannini and Palmer, during his supposed flight over the North Pole in 1947, Vice Admiral Byrd communicated by radio that he saw below him that it was not snow, but areas of land with mountains, forests, vegetation, lakes and rivers and, between the undergrowth, a strange animal that looked like a mammoth.

On the other hand, we found great astronomers and mathematicians who supported the Hollow Earth theory. One of them was the prestigious Dr. Edmond Halley, an astronomer royal of England in the 18th century and discoverer of Halley’s Comet. This postulated that the Earth was hollow on the inside and that inside it housed three concentric cones with a molten centre of lava, which served as an “inner sun”. Newton also believed in this theory.

Edmund Halley's Hollow Earth theory
Portrait of Edmond Halley and A 2D illustration of Edmund Halley’s “Hollow Earth” theory © Wikimedia Commons

Another scientist who defended the Hollow Earth theory was Leonhard Euler, an 18th-century mathematical genius. He argued that apart from being hollow, the Earth had two openings that corresponded to the Poles of the globe.

A cross-sectional drawing of the planet Earth showing the "Interior World" of Atvatabar, from William R. Bradshaw's 1892 science-fiction novel The Goddess of Atvatabar
A cross-sectional drawing of the planet Earth showing the “Interior World” of Atvatabar, from William R. Bradshaw’s 1892 science-fiction novel The Goddess of Atvatabar © Wikimedia Commons

In addition to scientific theories about it, the idea that the Earth is hollow inside has sparked the imagination of many writers and artists. One of the best-known works that speak about it is Journey to the Center of the Earth, Jules Verne (1864). Another well-known work is Edgar Allan Poe’s The Adventures of Arthur Gordon Pym (1833). These and many more novels have kept alive the idea that the Earth is hollow, and that it also houses within it a civilization more advanced than ours, the inhabitants of the surface.

Hollow earth theory
Another hypothesis of the Hollow Earth theory is a concave hollow Earth. Humans live on the interior, with the universe in the center © Wikimedia Commons

Currently, tests are still being carried out, this time with the help of the advanced technology of which we are possessors. In 1965, a project led by the USSR was launched: it was about making a well 15 kilometres deep, which was called the Kola well. It is said that the results they obtained from this project were not revealed to the public and that they could have heard the noise of human and animal voices with the help of ultra-sensitive microphones.

Low-frequency wave studies have also been carried out to find out what is in the Earth’s soil. In these studies, it has been discovered that between 450 and 500 kilometres of depth, there is a change in the surface, a kind of linearity that delimits another strip of the Earth. And after this phenomenon, the wave signal is completely lost, as if there was something abysmal from this distance. Only small vague noises and silence are captured. This test has not come out openly to the public light but has been kept secret from those who did these studies.

We also find contradictions at the hands of renowned scientists, since they have come to affirm that every 30 meters the temperature of the Earth increases one degree. If so, its centre (6,500 kilometres deep) would reach a temperature of 220,000 ºC, which would mean that the temperature inside the Earth would be much higher than that of the crust of the sun, which only reaches 6,000 ºC.

But does this theory just come down to Earth? the answer is no. Proponents of this theory claim that the other planets also consist of two polar holes and an inner sun. Once again, NASA would have modified the images that were taken of the planets of the solar system to censor the holes they have at their Poles.

Here you can see the photographs of planet Saturn and Jupiter taken by NASA ​with the two polar holes
Here you can see the photographs of planet Saturn and Jupiter taken by NASA with the two polar holes © NASA

Then there are the northern lights, of which it has been speculated that they are the result of the inner sun housed in the centre of the planet. One of the defenders – and promoters – of this theory was Marshall B. Gardner, who wrote the book Journey to the Interior of the Earth. Gardner argued that there are polar lights on Mars, Venus and Mercury, which come from the rays of their central suns, crossing the respective polar openings. The polar lights that it radiates are those of the Northern Lights, which are not due to magnetism, but to the central sun of the Earth. Reflective questions about this theory:

  • Why is it forbidden to fly over the poles?
  • Why does Google Earth censor polar latitudes?
  • Why are tropical seeds, plants, and trees found floating in the freshwater inside icebergs?
  • Why do thousands of tropical birds and animals migrate north during winter?
  • Why is it hotter at the Poles than 1,500 km away from them?
  • Why does NASA censor images related to the Poles of the Earth?